- State Disaster Response Fund (SDRF) is constituted under the section 48 of (1) (a) of Disaster Management Act 2005.
- It is a primary fund available with the State Government for responses to notified disasters.
- The Central Government contributes 75% of SDRF allocation for general category States/UTs and 90% for special category States (North East State, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh and Jammu & Kashmir).
- The annual contribution is released in two equal instalments as per the recommendation of the finance commission.
- SDRF shall be used only for meeting the expenditure for providing immediate relief to the victims.
- Disaster(s) covered under SDRF: Cyclone, Drought, Earthquake, Floods, Tsunami, Hailstorm, Landslide, Avalanche, Cloud burst, Pest attack, Frost, Cold wave
- State Government may use up to 10% of the funds available under SDRF for providing immediate relief to the victims of the natural disaster that day considered to be “Disaster” within the local contacts in the State and which is not included in the notified list of disaster of the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) subject to the condition that the State Government has listed the State specific natural disaster and notified clear and transparent norms and guidelines for such disaster with the approval of the State authority i.e. State Executive Committee (SEC).
Why in the news?
- As a special dispensation, the Department of Expenditure, Ministry of Finance at the recommendation of the Ministry of Home Affairs has released in advance of the normal schedule the 1st instalment of the Central Share of the State Disaster Response Fund (SDRF) for the year 2021-22 to all the States.
- An amount of Rs. 8873.6 crore has been released to the States.
- Up to 50% of the amount released i.e. Rs.4436.8 crore can be used by the States for COVID-19 containment measures.