What is it?
- Smerch, procured from Russia, is the longest range conventional rocket system in the Army’s inventory with a maximum range of 90 km.
- The system is aimed to defeat personnel and engage with soft targets in concentration areas, artillery batteries, command posts and ammunition depots.
Why in News:
- India’s military posture in the Tawang sector of Arunachal Pradesh has deployed Pinaka and Smerch long range, multi-barrel rocket launch systems as well as BrahMos supersonic cruise missiles in the region.
- Pinaka is a multi barrel rocket launch (MBRL) system used by the Indian Army.
- It was designed and developed indigenously by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO).
- It is an all-weather, indirect fire, free flight artillery rocket system.
- It provides a unique capability to accurately deliver devastatingly lethal and responsive fire against a variety of area targets such as exposed enemy troops, armored and soft skin vehicles, communication centers, air terminal complexes, fuel and ammunition dumps.
- The Pinaka weapon system consists of Rocket, Multi Barrel Rocket launcher, Battery Command Post, Loader cum Replenishment Vehicle, Replenishment Vehicle and Digicora MET Radar
- BrahMos is a cruise missile, meaning it can be guided towards a predetermined land- or sea-based target.
- With a capability to attain speeds 2.8 times that of sound (Mach 2.8), BrahMos is classified as a supersonic cruise missile.
- A newer version under development is aimed at flying at speeds greater than Mach 5. These are called hypersonic cruise missiles.
- Besides decreasing the reaction time of the enemy, higher speeds also substantially reduce the chances of the missile getting intercepted.
- An amalgam of the names of the rivers Brahmaputra and Moskva, BrahMos is being produced by BrahMos Aerospace, a joint venture company set up by DRDO and Mashinostroyenia of Russia in 1998.