- India’s Permanent Representative to the UN recently spoke in the UN General Assembly on ‘Question of equitable representation on and increase in the membership of the Security Council’.
- He emphasised on reform of institutions like the UN, IMF, WTO and WHO to gain credibility.
Need for Reform
- In today’s era, the UN is not becoming resilient and responsive towards the major threats like Globalisation, Terrorissm, Pandemic and Climate change and it provides solutions through the old structure and methods which is not conducive to solve the major issues surrounding the world.
- There is a lack of action on Intergovernmental negotiations and there are no records for the data.
- There is growing influence of China over the UN system which needs to be looked upon for getting an equal voice in the United Nations security council.
Major Areas of Reform
(i) United Nations General Assembly (UNGA)– Rules of procedure and methods of working need to be altered.
(ii) United Nations Security Council (UNSC)– Alteration of membership even at permanent membership level.
(iii) Reform in the International Monetary Fund (IMF) for betterment of the world.
(iv) World Health Organisation (WHO)– need to be empowered to become more responsible structurally especially for fighting the pandemic.
(v) World trade organisation (WTO)– Dispute settlement mechanism needs to be strengthened and restructured.
(vi) Amendments to the UN Charter is necessary.
- Making changes or reforms in the UN is a laborious process because it takes so much of process for even reforming a document.
- The UN presidency is held currently by Turkey which is very close to Pakistan and there will be major roadblocks in bringing the reforms in the UN system.
- Chinese influence over various UN agencies and non-reformist attitudes.
- The focus should shift towards other small agencies for reform which may have an immediate impact.
- Restructuring the international order in a phased manner in context of new challenges.
- Reforms across the system is necessary and collaborative effort is needed for allowing developing and middle order countries to have equal representation and say at the United Nations.