- Launched in 2015, the Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana (PMKKKY) is meant to provide for the welfare of areas and people affected by mining related operations.
- The overall objective of PMKKKY scheme include
- to implement various developmental and welfare projects/programs in mining affected areas, and these projects/ programs will be complementing the existing ongoing schemes/projects of State and Central Government;
- to minimize/mitigate the adverse impacts, during and after mining, on the environment, health and socio-economics of people in mining districts; and
- to ensure long-term sustainable livelihoods for the affected people in mining areas.
- PMKKKY is implemented by the District Mineral Foundations (DMFs) of the respective districts using the funds accruing to the DMF.
- The Mines and Minerals (Development & Regulation) Amendment Act, 2015, mandated the setting up of District Mineral Foundations in all districts in the country affected by mining related operations.
- Where mining leases are granted after 2015, miners will have to contribute an amount equal to 10% of the royalty payable by them to the DMFs.
- Using the funds generated by this contribution, the DMFs are expected to implement the PMKKKY.
- At least 60% of PMKKKY funds will be utilized for high priority areas like: (i) drinking water supply; (ii) environment preservation and pollution control measures; (iii) health care (iv)education; (v) welfare of women and children; (vi) welfare of aged and disabled people; (vii) skill development; and (viii) Sanitation.
- The rest of the funds will be utilized undertaking works like for: (i) physical infrastructure; (ii) irrigation; (iii) energy and watershed development; and (iv) any other measures for enhancing environmental quality in mining districts.
Why in News?
- The Union Government has released the details of funds allocated from the District Mineral Fund to various projects to be taken up through Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana.