About Jal Jeevan Mission
- Launched in 2019, the chief objective of the Mission is to provide Functional Household Tap Connection (FHTC) to every rural household by 2024 and thereby ensuring potable water supply in adequate quantity i.e. @ 55 lpcd (Litres per capita per day) of prescribed quality on a long-term and regular basis.
- This Mission is under the Department of Drinking Water and Sanitation, Ministry of Jal Shakti.
- It focuses on integrated demand and supply-side management of water at the local level.
- The programme also implements source sustainability measures as mandatory elements, such as recharge and reuse through greywater management, water conservation and rainwater harvesting.
- JJM looks to create a Jan Andolan (People’s Movement) for water, thereby making it everyone’s priority.
- JJM is a ‘bottom up’ approach where community plays a vital role from planning to implementation, management, operation and maintenance. To achieve this, Village Water & Sanitation Committee (VWSC)/ Pani Samiti are being constituted and strengthened; Village Action Plans are developed through community engagement; Implementation Support Agencies (ISAs) are engaged to support village communities in programme implementation and create awareness among people.
- Water quality monitoring & surveillance activities are given top priority under the Jal Jeevan Mission. Five women in each village are being trained to test water samples of any kind of contamination by using Field test Kits (FTKs).
- Every water supply asset created under Jal Jeevan Mission is geo-tagged.
- The fund sharing pattern is 90:10 for Himalayan and North-Eastern States; 50:50 for other States and 100% for UTs.
Why in News?
- Government of India is implementing Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) – HarGhar Jal, since August, 2019, in partnership with States, to make provision of potable tap water supply in adequate quantity, of prescribed quality and on regular & long-term basis to every rural household by 2024.
- At the time of announcement of Jal Jeevan Mission, 3.23 Crore (17%) rural households were reported to have tap water connections. As reported by States/UTs, more than 7.88 crore rural households have been provided with tap water connections since the announcement of JJM.
- Thus, as on 09.02.2023, out of 19.39 Crore rural households in the country, 11.12 Crore (57.36%) households are reported to have tap water supply in their homes.
- Further, Haryana State has become ‘HarGhar Jal State’, as all the 30.41 lakh rural households in the State have tap water supply in their homes.