About NITI Aayog
- NITI Aayog is the premier policy ‘Think Tank’ of the Government of India, providing both directional and policy inputs. It was formed via a resolution of the Union Cabinet on January 1, 2015 replacing the erstwhile Planning Commission .
- While designing strategic and long term policies and programmes for the Government of India, NITI Aayog also provides relevant technical advice to the Centre and States.
Composition of Niti Aayog
- Chairperson: Prime Minister
- Governing Council: Chief Ministers of all states and Lt. Governors of Union Territories.
- Regional Council: To address specific regional issues, Comprising Chief Ministers and Lt. Governors
- Ex-Officio membership: Maximum four from the Union council of ministers to be nominated by the Prime minister.
- Part Time Members: 2 members in ex-officio capacity from leading Research institutions on a rotational basis.
- Special Invitees: Experts, Specialists with domain knowledge
- Chief Executive Officer: Appointed by Prime-minister for a fixed tenure, in rank of Secretary to Government of India.
- To foster cooperative federalism through structured support initiatives and mechanisms with the States on a continuous basis, recognizing that strong States make a strong nation.
- To develop mechanisms to formulate credible plans at the village level and aggregate these progressively at higher levels of government.
- To ensure that the interests of national security are incorporated in economic strategy and policy.
- To pay special attention to the sections of our society that may be at risk of not benefitting adequately from economic progress.
- To provide advice and encourage partnerships between key stakeholders and national and international like-minded Think Tanks, as well as educational and policy research institutions.
- To create a knowledge, innovation and entrepreneurial support system through a collaborative community of national and international experts, practitioners and other partners.
- To offer a platform for resolution of inter-sectoral and inter-departmental issues in order to accelerate the implementation of the development agenda.
- NITI Aayog’s activities can be divided into four main heads:
- Design Policy & Programme Framework
- Foster Cooperative Federalism
- Monitoring & Evaluation
- Think Tank and Knowledge & Innovation Hub
Why in News?
- Recently, the NITI Aayog brought together key stakeholders in a virtual meeting for advancing Online Dispute Resolution (ODR) in India.
|What is an ODR?
ODR is the resolution of disputes, particularly small- and medium-value cases, using digital technology and techniques of alternate dispute resolution (ADR), such as negotiation, mediation, and arbitration.
While courts are becoming digitized through the efforts of the judiciary, more effective, scalable, and collaborative mechanisms of containment and resolution are urgently needed. ODR can help resolve disputes efficiently and affordably.