NIPUN Bharat Mission
About the Scheme
- Recently, the Ministry of Education has launched the National Initiative for Proficiency in Reading with Understanding and Numeracy (NIPUN).
- The objective of NIPUN Bharat Mission is to create an enabling environment to ensure universal acquisition of foundational literacy and numeracy, so that every child achieves the desired learning competencies in reading, writing and numeracy by the end of Grade 3, by 2026-27.
- NIPUN Bharat will be implemented by the Department of School Education and Literacy and a five-tier implementation mechanism will be set up at the National- State- District- Block- School level in all States and UTs, under the aegis of the centrally sponsored scheme of Samagra Shiksha.
- Although the National Education Policy 2020 had included a 2025 deadline to achieve the goal of foundational literacy and numeracy, the Centre has pushed back the target date to 2026-27, given that COVID-19 has already disrupted two academic years.
- No additional funding is being allocated for the NIPUN Bharat Mission. Instead, money is being allocated from the Samagra Shiksha scheme.
- NIPUN Bharat is likely to emphasise goal setting and accountability for State governments, and provide guidelines for teacher training, assessment and the creation of printed resources.
Why in News?
- A National Steering Committee (NSC) for implementation of the NIPUN Bharat Mission has been constituted recently under the chairpersonship of the Union Education Minister, Dharmendra Pradhan.
Samagra Shiksha scheme
- ‘Samagra Shiksha’ programme was introduced in the Union Budget 2018-19.
- It subsumes three existing schemes: Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA), Rashtriya Madhyamik Shikskha Abhiyan (RMSA) and Teacher Education (TE).
- The aim of the scheme is to treat school education holistically, from pre-school to Class XII.
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