- National Tiger Conservation Authority is a statutory body under the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC).
- It performs functions as provided in the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972.
- It is chaired by the Minister in charge of the MoEF&CC.
- NTCA has been at the forefront of tiger conservation work in India extending from the ground protection initiatives to science based monitoring of tigers and their habitat.
- NTCA in collaboration with the State Forest Departments, Conservation NGOs and the Wildlife Institute of India (WII), conducts a National assessment for the “Status of Tigers, Co-predators, Prey and their Habitat” also known as Tiger Census every four years (quadrennially).
Corbett Tiger Reserve
- Corbett is located on the foothills of Himalayas in Uttarakhand.
- The rivers Ramganga, Pallaen and Sonanadi flow through the valleys.
- The reserve is spread over Bhabar and lower Shivalik region.
- Project Tiger was launched in 1973 from the Dhikala zone of Corbett National Park in India as a part of Corbett Tiger Reserve.
- The reserve has the highest tiger density in the country.
Why in News?
- The Delhi High Court has asked the National Tiger Conservation Authority to consider a petition to stop the alleged illegal construction of bridges and walls within tiger breeding habitat of the Corbett Tiger Reserve.