- Namami Gange Programme is an Integrated Conservation Mission, approved as a flagship Programme by the Union Government in 2014 to accomplish the twin objectives of effective abatement of pollution and conservation and rejuvenation of National River Ganga.
- It is being operated under the Department of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation, Ministry of Jal Shakti.
- The program is being implemented by the National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG), and its state counterpart organizations i.e., State Program ManagementGroups (SPMGs). The main pillars of the programme are:
- Sewerage Treatment Infrastructure
- Industrial Effluent Monitoring.
- River-Front Development
- River-Surface Cleaning
- Public Awareness
Why in News?
- The World Bank has approved a five-year loan to the Namami Gange project worth ₹3,000 crore ($400 million) to develop and improve infrastructure projects to abate pollution in the river basin.
News in Detail:
- The Namami Ganga or the National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) has already received ₹4,535 crore ($600 million) from the World Bank valid until December 2021 as part of the first phase of the National Ganga River Basin project.
- So far, 313 projects worth ₹25,000 crore have been sanctioned under the mission.
- The loan would fund three new ‘Hybrid Annuity Projects’ (the government bears 40% of the project cost and the remaining amount is arranged by the developer) in Agra, Meerut and Saharanpur, Uttar Pradesh for the tributaries of the Ganga.
- Some of the projects include spillover projects from the first phase of the mission as well cleaning projects in tributaries such as the Yamuna and Kali rivers.
- Rs.1,209 crore is provided for the ongoing DBOT-Design, Build, Operate and Transfer (It is a model in which a private partner is responsible to design, build, operate during the contracted period and transfer back the facility to the public sector) projects in Buxar, Munger, Begusarai in Bihar.
- It would include institutional development, improving investment resilience to Covid-19 like emergency situations, performance based incentive for Urban Local Bodies and communication and management programmes.