About the Mission
- Announced by the Government of India in 2018, Gaganyaan is the first Indian Human Space Flight Programme (HSP) with the objective to demonstrate the capability to send humans to low earth orbit on board an Indian launch vehicle and bring them back to earth safely.
- Gaganyaan project envisages launching a crew of 3 members to an orbit of 400 km for a 3 days mission and bring them back safely to earth, by landing in Indian sea waters.
- The spacecraft, which is being developed by the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO), consists of a service module and a crew module, collectively known as the Orbital Module.
- With this, India could potentially become the fourth country to send a man to space, after the erstwhile USSR, the US and China.
- The LVM3 rocket, previously referred to as GSLV Mk3, will be used to launch Gaganyaan as it has the necessary payload capability. It consists of solid stage, liquid stage and cryogenic stage.
- HLVM3 consists of Crew Escape System (CES) powered by a set of quick acting, high burn rate solid motors which ensures that Crew Module along with crew is taken to a safe distance in case of any emergency either at launch pad or during ascent phase.
Why in News?
- The government allocated a budget of Rs. 9023 Crore achieving the objectives of Gaganyaan mission.