- Lumpy skin disease (LSD) is caused by infection of cattle or water buffalo with the poxvirus Lumpy skin disease virus (LSDV). The virus comes under the genus capripoxvirus.
- LSD was first described in Zambia in 1929.
- It is transmitted by blood-feeding insects, such as certain species of flies and mosquitoes, or ticks.
- It causes fever, nodules on the skin and can also lead to death, especially in animals that have not previously been exposed to the virus.
- Control options include vaccinations and culling of infected animals.
Why in News:
- Lumpy skin disease spreads to about 25,000 bovines in Rajasthan