- The Law Commission of India is a non-statutory body constituted by the Government of India from time to time.
- The Commission was originally constituted in 1955 and is reconstituted every three years.
- Various Law Commissions have been able to make important contributions towards the progressive development and codification of Law of the country.
- The Law Commission consists of:
- a full-time Chairperson
- four full-time Members
- Secretary, Department of Legal Affairs as ex-officio Member;
- Secretary, Legislative Department as ex officio Member; and
- Not more than five part-time Members.
- There are no defined eligibility criteria for chairperson and members and the terms of reference are specified afresh each time it is reconstituted.
Functions of the Law Commission
- The Law Commission advises the government on legal issues, conducts research to review and reform the law or to bring new legislation.
- Either through a reference made to it by the government or suo-motu, it researches laws and reviews existing laws in India to reform them, remove them or bring new legislation.
- It also undertakes studies for reforms in the justice delivery systems.
Why in News?
- The Centre has constituted the Law Commission of India with Justice (retd) Rituraj Awasthi, former Chief Justice of Karnataka High Court, at its head.