The Indian Meteorological Department was established in 1875. It is the National Meteorological Service of the country and the principal government agency in all matters relating to meteorology, seismology and allied subjects.
- To take meteorological observations and to provide current and forecast meteorological information for optimum operation of weather-sensitive activities like agriculture, irrigation, shipping, aviation, offshore oil explorations, etc.
- To warn against severe weather phenomena like tropical cyclones, norwesters, dust storms, heavy rains and snow, cold and heat waves, etc., which cause destruction of life and property.
- To provide meteorological statistics required for agriculture, water resource management, industries, oil exploration and other nation-building activities.
- To conduct and promote research in meteorology and allied disciplines.
- To detect and locate earthquakes and to evaluate seismicity in different parts of the country for development projects.
Why in News?
Indian Meteorological Department recently celebrated its 146th Foundation Day.
- Forecasting monsoons are a lifeline to our food security, as it resulted in not only an improvement of the economy but also reducing the loss of lives due to monsoonal floods and droughts.
- IMD has been continuously redefining its focus for accurate Prediction of Monsoon and cyclones. It has succeeded in minimizing loss of lives from various extreme events like cyclone, heavy rain, thunderstorm, heat wave and cold wave etc. in the recent years with its precise forecasting and timely warnings.
Various mobile apps launched by IMD :
Damini for lightning forecast:
MAUSAM for weather forecast including cyclone warning
The MAUSAM mobile App has the following 5 services:
Meghdoot for agrometeorological advisories