Hunger expected to rise: UN warning
What is Hunger ?
- Hunger is an uncomfortable or painful physical sensation caused by insufficient consumption of dietary energy.
- Acute Hunger: Acute hunger (famine) designates undernourishment over a definable period.
- Chronic Hunger: Chronic hunger designates a state of long-term undernourishment. The body absorbs less food than it needs.
- It usually arises in connection with poverty.
- Hidden Hunger : It is a form of chronic hunger. Due to an unbalanced diet, important nutrients are lacking, such as iron, iodine, zinc or vitamin A.
- At first glance, the consequences are not necessarily very visible, but over the long-term these nutrient deficiencies lead to serious diseases.
What is Food Insecurity ?
- A person is food insecure when they lack regular access to enough safe and nutritious food for normal growth and development and an active and healthy life.
- This may be due to unavailability of food and/or lack of resources to obtain food.
Why in News?
- According to a report called “Hunger Hotspots” published by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) and World Food Program, acute food insecurity is likely to further deteriorate around the world.
- Hunger is expected to rise in 23 global hotspots in the next three months with the highest alerts for “catastrophic” situations in Ethiopia’s embattled Tigray region, southern Madagascar, Yemen, South Sudan and northern Nigeria.
- The number of people facing starvation and death is expected to rise to 4,01,000, the highest number since the 2011 famine in Somalia.
- Acute hunger is increasing not only in scale but also severity and over 41 million people worldwide are now at risk of falling into famine or famine-like conditions, unless they receive immediate life and livelihood-saving assistance.
Food and Agricultural Organisation
- The Food and Agriculture Organization is a specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger.
- FAO’s goal is to achieve food security for all and make sure that people have regular access to enough high-quality food to lead active, healthy lives.
- With over 194 member states, FAO works in over 130 countries worldwide.
World Food Program
- The World Food Programme is the world’s largest humanitarian organization, saving lives in emergencies and using food assistance to build a pathway to peace, stability and prosperity for people recovering from conflict, disasters and the impact of climate change.
View all comments