- Hope mission of the United Arab Emirates (UAE), is the Arab region’s first attempt to go interplanetary.
- The spacecraft will spend seven months trekking through deep space before slipping into orbit around Mars.
- From that point, Hope will spend a full Martian year, or nearly two Earth years, orbiting Mars and studying its atmosphere.
- It aims to provide a complete picture of the Martian atmosphere for the first time, studying daily and seasonal changes.
- To develop and build the Hope Probe, Emiratis and Dubai’s Mohammed Bin Rashid Space Centre (MBRSC) worked with U.S. educational institutions.
Why in News?
The Hope Probe blasted off from Japan’s Tanegashima Space Center atop a Mitsubishi Heavy Industries H-IIA rocket to Mars.
UAE’s space venture
- The UAE strives to develop its scientific and technology capabilities and move away from its reliance on oil.
- The UAE first announced plans for the mission in 2014 and launched a National Space Programme in 2017 to develop local expertise.
- It has an ambitious plan for a Mars settlement by 2117.
- Hazza al-Mansouri became the first Emirati in space last September (2019) when he flew to the International Space Station.