Why in the news?
- Recently, President of India Ramnath Kovind addressed the Parliament to start the parliament session.
- Let us under the history of the President’s address.
- The practice of the President addressing Parliament can be traced back to the Government of India Act of 1919.
- The above law gave the Governor-General the right of addressing the Legislative Assembly and the Council of State.
- The law did not have a provision for a joint address but the Governor-General did address the Assembly and the Council together on multiple occasions.
- After the Constitution came into force, President Rajendra Prasad addressed members of Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha for the first time on January 31, 1950.
- Article 87 provides two special occasions on which the President addresses a joint sitting.
- The first is to address the opening session of a new legislature after a general election.
- The second is to address the first sitting of Parliament each year. A session of a new or continuing legislature cannot begin without fulfilling this requirement.
- The address of the President follows a general structure in which it highlights the government’s accomplishments from the previous year and sets the broad governance agenda for the coming year.