About Hindu Mahasabha (Sarvadeshak Hindu Sabha)
- It started as an organization in 1915 by Veer Damodar Savarkar, Lala Lajpat Rai, Madan Mohan Malviya. Later it became a political party in 1933.
- The organisation was formed to protect the rights of the Hindu community, after the formation of the All India Muslim League in 1906 and the British India government’s creation of separate Muslim electorate under the Morley-Minto reforms of 1909.
- The Hindu Mahasabha did not support the Gandhian Indian freedom movement against British rule in India. However, Mahasabha believed that revolt in British armed forces gives India its freedom from alien rule.
- Under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi, the Congress led several nationwide campaigns of non-violent civil disobedience. The Mahasabha officially abstained from participating in the Civil Disobedience Movement of 1930.
- In 1939, the Congress ministries resigned in protest against Viceroy Lord Linlithgow’s action of declaring India to be a belligerent in the Second World War without consulting the Indian people. This led to the Hindu Mahasabha joining hands with the Muslim League and other parties to form governments, in certain provinces.
- The Hindu Mahasabha openly opposed the call for the Quit India Movement and boycotted it officially.
Why in News
- The Hindu Mahasabha recently opposed the release of a Hindi film on the ground that it hurts religious sentiments.