Global Biodiversity Outlook
- The UN Convention on Biological Diversity has released its fifth Global Biodiversity Outlook report which says that none of the 20 agreed conservation targets of the past 10 years could be fully met by the world .
- Experts believe that all nations will now have to implement the ambitious new target of protecting at least 30% of the planet by 2030 – popularly known as 30×30 target – under the UN Convention.
- It means 30% land and 30% ocean needs to be conserved for achieving global biodiversity by 2050.
Major highlights of the report
- The report reflects that the 20 targets also known as Aiche Global biodiversity targets which were set in 2010 in Nagoya, Japan has not been met in the last 10 years.
- The loss of ecosystems has speeded up and 70% of the land is impacted by human intervention.
- Biodiversity is the basis for all living societies but there is no progress in achieving the targets which highlights the poor conservation condition of the country as a whole.
- Eg: Tackling the pollution, loss of natural habitat etc.
- The Covid-19 situation has further accelerated our disconnection with nature.
- According to the living planet report by the World Wide Fund for Nature, there is a 68% decline in the population of mammals, birds, etc. between 1970-2016.
- The IUCN has recommended that conservation plans need to be modified for individual species.
- Thus, in reality the problem is very huge and the non achievement of biodiversity goals also impacts the economic goals of the nation.
What needs to be done ahead ?
- The biodiversity needs to be a central point and an integrated approach is needed.
- The handling of climate change needs to be done in a specified manner.
- The biodiversity should be made an integral and essential component of planning.
- Mono cropping can be replaced by multi-crop cultivation as well as sustainability of groundwater is essential.
- Every stakeholder is dependent on resources so a global collective action towards biodiversity conservation is the need of the hour.
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