- Launched in 2015, the Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana (PMKKKY) is meant to provide for the welfare of areas and people affected by mining related operations.
- The overall objective of PMKKKY scheme include
- to implement various developmental and welfare projects/programs in mining affected areas, and these projects/ programs will be complementing the existing ongoing schemes/projects of State and Central Government;
- to minimize/mitigate the adverse impacts, during and after mining, on the environment, health and socio-economics of people in mining districts; and
- to ensure long-term sustainable livelihoods for the affected people in mining areas.
- PMKKKY is implemented by the District Mineral Foundations (DMFs) of the respective districts using the funds accruing to the DMF.
- The Mines and Minerals (Development & Regulation) Amendment Act, 2015, mandated the setting up of District Mineral Foundations in all districts in the country affected by mining related operations.
- Where mining leases are granted after 2015, miners will have to contribute an amount equal to 10% of the royalty payable by them to the DMFs.
- Using the funds generated by this contribution, the DMFs are expected to implement the PMKKKY.
- At least 60% of PMKKKY funds will be utilized for high priority areas like: (i) drinking water supply; (ii) environment preservation and pollution control measures; (iii) health care (iv)education; (v) welfare of women and children; (vi) welfare of aged and disabled people; (vii) skill development; and (viii) Sanitation.
- The rest of the funds will be utilized undertaking works like for: (i) physical infrastructure; (ii) irrigation; (iii) energy and watershed development; and (iv) any other measures for enhancing environmental quality in mining districts.
Why in News?
- The Minister of Coal, Mines and Parliamentary Affairs Pralhad Joshi in a written reply in Rajya Sabha said that there is no provision for budgetary allocation from Central Government or State Governments to the Pradhan Mantri Khanij Kshetra Kalyan Yojana (PMKKKY).
- The various projects taken up under PMKKKY are funded through the funds accrued under DMFs.
- The concept of DMF was introduced through an amendment in the Mines & Minerals (Development & Regulation) MMDR Act, 1957.
- The amendment introduced Section 9 B which provides for setting up of DMF, a trust as non-profit body, in all districts affected by mining-related operations. A DMF works for the interest and benefit of people and areas affected by mining.
- DMFs have been formed in 622 districts spread across 23 states.