- The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger.
- It’s goal is to achieve food security for all and make sure that people have regular access to enough high-quality food to lead active, healthy lives.
- With over 194 member states (including India), FAO works in over 130 countries worldwide.
Why in News?
- The Food and Agriculture Organization said that countries must prepare for future “shocks” to their agricultural and food systems from droughts, floods or diseases following the fallout from the coronavirus pandemic.
- Agri-food systems include production, food supply chains, transport networks and consumption.
- According to FAO, three billion people around the world already cannot afford a healthy diet to protect themselves against malnutrition.
- In a report in July, the FAO said that between 720 million and 811 million people faced hunger in 2020 — some 161 million more than in 2019, largely due to the pandemic.
- Risk management strategies for shocks such as droughts, floods and pests — including multi-risk assessments, timely forecasts, early warning systems and early action plans — are key to help all agri-food systems, prevent and anticipate major disruptions.
- The FAO has established “resilience” indicators to help countries identify vulnerabilities in their food systems. The indicators measure the robustness of a country’s primary production, the extent of food availability, and the degree of people’s access to adequate food.