Experts suggest ways to reduce hazards posed by birds to flights
Salim Ali Centre For Ornithology and Natural History
- The Salim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural History (SACON) is one of the centres of excellence of the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.
- It is named after famous Indian ornithologist (bird scientists) Salim Ali.
- SACON’s mission is “To help conserve India’s biodiversity and its sustainable use through research, education and peoples’ participation with birds at the centre stage”.
- SACON is located at Anaikatty, 24km northwest of Coimbatore city, Tamil Nadu.
Why in the news?
- Salim Ali Centre For Ornithology and Natural History (SACON) has come out with a publication “Best Practices for Mitigation of the Hazards Posed by Birds to Aircraft” which tries to give mitigation strategies to reduce hazards posed by birds to aircraft.
- At least two planes are struck every day in India by airborne birds or animals on runways, accidents that pose a serious risk to human lives and the aviation industry.
- According to latest data obtained through the RTI law from the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA), more than 4,000 aircraft suffered wildlife strikes — hit by birds or animals — in about 80 airports over the past five years.
- Hence the publication tries to resolve this through following suggestions.
What are the suggestions given?
- A systematic study of birdlife at an airfield and understanding the bird community structure and its changes are essential for mitigating the dangers posed by birds to flights.
- Hence, it suggests creating a database of all bird species in the 10 km radius of airports.
- Feeding of birds by people close to airports (within a radius of 2 km) should be discouraged and stopped. It provides species specific suggestions.
- Suggests discouraging slaughterhouses and dumping of waste very close to airports to avoid carnivorous birds such as kites.
- To discourage lapwing (a kind of bird) activity, appropriate short grass cover should be developed and maintained preferably at less than 15 cm height inside the airfield.
- Water stagnation should be cleared to keep away pigeons. Crows can be discouraged by relocating food dumping areas.
- It recommends ornithological training for the Air Traffic Control ( ATC) staff focussing on problematic birds would help them take adequate decision.
- Suggests awareness creation and public participation in reducing the hazards posed by birds to aircraft.
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