What is Diabetes?
- Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs either when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or when the body cannot effectively use the insulin it produces. Insulin is a hormone that regulates blood glucose.
Consequence of Diabetes
- Hyperglycaemia, also called raised blood glucose or raised blood sugar, is a common effect of uncontrolled diabetes and over time leads to serious damage to many of the body’s systems, especially the nerves and blood vessels.
- When there isn’t enough insulin or cells stop responding to insulin, too much blood sugar stays in your bloodstream.
- Over time, that can cause serious health problems, such as heart disease, vision loss, and kidney disease
- Over time, diabetes can damage the heart, blood vessels, eyes, kidneys, and nerves.
- Adults with diabetes have a two- to three-fold increased risk of heart attacks and strokes.
- Combined with reduced blood flow, neuropathy (nerve damage) in the feet increases the chance of foot ulcers, infection and eventual need for limb amputation.
- Diabetic retinopathy is an important cause of blindness and occurs as a result of long-term accumulated damage to the small blood vessels in the retina. Close to 1 million people are blind due to diabetes.
- Diabetes is among the leading causes of kidney failure.
- People with diabetes are more likely to have poor outcomes for several infectious diseases, including COVID-19.
Types of Diabetes
- There are three main types of diabetes: type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes (diabetes while pregnant).
Type 1 Diabetes-
- Type 1 diabetes is thought to be caused by an autoimmune reaction (the body attacks itself by mistake).
- This reaction stops your body from making insulin.
- Approximately 5-10% of the people who have diabetes have type 1.
- Symptoms of type 1 diabetes often develop quickly.
- It’s usually diagnosed in children, teens, and young adults.
- If you have type 1 diabetes, you’ll need to take insulin every day to survive.
- Currently, no one knows how to prevent type 1 diabetes.
Type 2 Diabetes
- With type 2 diabetes, your body doesn’t use insulin well and can’t keep blood sugar at normal levels. About 90-95% of people with diabetes have type 2.
- It develops over many years and is usually diagnosed in adults.
- Type 2 diabetes can be prevented or delayed with healthy lifestyle changes
- Gestational diabetes develops in pregnant women who have never had diabetes.
- Gestational diabetes gets cured once the baby is born
- When a pregnant woman has gestational diabetes, the baby is at high risk of health problems
- achieve and maintain a healthy body weight;
- be physically active – doing at least 30 minutes of regular, moderate-intensity activity on most days. More activity is required for weight control;
- eat a healthy diet, avoiding sugar and saturated fats; and
- avoid tobacco use – smoking increases the risk of diabetes and cardiovascular disease
Why is News?
- November 14 was celebrated as World Diabetes day.
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