- The Central Zoo Authority was established as a statutory body under the Ministry of Environment & Forests by the Government of India in the year 1992. The Authority consists of a Chairman, ten members and a Member Secretary.
- It is chaired by the Environment Minister.
- The main objective is to strengthen the national effort in conservation of the rich biodiversity of the country, particularly the fauna as per the National Zoo Policy, 1998.
- Other objectives of this Authority include- enforcing minimum standards and norms for upkeep and healthcare of animals in Indian zoos and to control mushrooming of unplanned and ill-conceived zoos.
- The authority lays down guidelines and prescribes rules under which animals may be transferred among zoos nationally and internationally.
Why in the news?
- The Environment Ministry has expanded CZA to include an expert from the School of Planning and Architecture, Delhi, and a molecular biologist.
- In another decision, CZA has allowed zoos to take a call on opening them to visitors in the phases of unlock.