Why in News:
- The indigenous Light Combat Aircraft (LCA) Tejas will be able to integrate BrahMos supersonic cruise missile in the future..
About LCA- Tejas
- Tejas is India’s first light fighter aircraft designed and manufactured in the country. It’s a single-seat, single-engine supersonic multirole light fighter aircraft.
- Its configuration is largely geared on mobility and agility.
- It was designed to replace the Mig 21 fighter jets, which were getting old.
- The Aeronautical Development Agency, which is part of the Department of Defence Research and Development, designed it. Hindustan Aeronautics Limited, a government-owned company, produced the plane .
- To make handling easier, the plane has a computerised fly-by-wire flight control system. This allows the pilot to focus on other tasks (especially mission-critical tasks) without having to worry about the plane deviating from its flying route.
- It can travel at a top speed of Mach 1.8
- Mach is used as a unit of measurement in stating the speed of a moving object in relation to the speed of sound.
- The aircraft has a range of 3,000 kilometres.
- In its class, it is the lightest, smallest, multi-role supersonic fighter aircraft.
- Designed to carry a variety of precision-guided air-to-air and air-to-surface weaponry.
- Capability for air-to-air refuelling.
Features of LCA Mk2
- The aircraft features enhanced range and endurance including an onboard oxygen generation system, which is being integrated for the first time.
- Heavy weapons of the class of Scalp, Crystal Maze and Spice-2000 will also be integrated on the Mk2.
- The LCA-Mk2 will be a heavier and much more capable aircraft than the current LCA variants.
- The Mk2 is 1,350 mm longer featuring canards and can carry a payload of 6,500 kg compared to 3,500 kg the LCA can carry.
- The Mk2 will be powered by a more powerful GE-414 engine.
- BrahMos is a joint venture between DRDO and Russia’s NPO Mashinostroyeniya and the missile derives its name from Brahmaputra and Moskva rivers.
- The missile is capable of being launched from land, sea, sub-sea and air against surface and sea-based targets and has been long inducted by the Indian armed forces.
- The range of the missile was originally capped at 290 km as per obligations of the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR).
- Following India’s entry into the club in June 2016, DRDO officials had stated that the range would be extended to 450 km and to 600 km at a later stage.
- It is the first supersonic cruise missile to enter into the service.
About Brahmos NG
- The NG will weigh almost half as much as the current air-launched version, making it possible to be mounted on the LCA in future.
- It is being integrated on the Su-30MKI, it would later be integrated on the LCA and also other fighters of the Air Force.
- The current air-launched missile weighs 2.65 tonnes, which will come down to 1.33 tonnes with the NG.
- With this, a SU-30MKI will be able to carry up to four BrahMos-NG missiles, while the LCA can carry two missiles