Why in News:
- An extended range sea-to-sea variant of the BrahMos supersonic cruise missile was test fired from the recently commissioned stealth guided missile destroyer INS Visakhapatnam.
- This version of the missile has been designed to launch either in a vertical or a horizontal mode from moving/stationary assets to target both land and sea targets.
- The missiles, fired at a speed of 2.8 Mach or nearly three times the speed of sound, significantly increase the capability of the ships in engaging long-range targets.
- BrahMos is a joint collaboration between India and Russia(India’s Defence Research and Development Organization (DRDO) and Russia’s NPOM.) and is capable of being launched from land, sea, sub-sea and air against surface and sea-based targets, with a range capped at 290 km initially.
- The range of the missile was originally capped at 290 km as per obligations of the Missile Technology Control Regime (MTCR). Following India’s entry into the club in 2016, the range would be extended to 450 km and to 600km at a later stage.
- Originally introduced in 2001, variations of these supersonic missiles can be launched from submarines, ships, aircraft, and land platforms.
- Brahmos is named after the rivers Brahmaputra and Moskva.
- It is the first supersonic cruise missile to enter into the service.
- India and the Philippines have inked a “Implementing Arrangement” for “procurement of defence material and equipment procurement.” This deal provides the framework for the widely anticipated government-to-government export of the BrahMos cruise missile.
- Aside from that, India is in advanced negotiations with other nations, including Vietnam, the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Indonesia, and South Africa, to sell the BrahMos missile system.