Nongkhyllem Wildlife Sanctuary
- Nongkhyllem Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the Ri Bhoi district of Meghalaya.
- The Umtrew is the main river of the area.
- The sanctuary supports different species of fauna such as Royal Bengal Tiger, Clouded Leopard, Indian Bison, and Himalayan Black Bear etc.
- Among the birds, the rare species which can be spotted here are Manipur Bush Quail, Rufous Necked Hornbill and Brown Hornbill.
- Nongkhyllem is an area where annual community hunting had been a tradition, but with sensible intervention of the forest department and conscientious support of the neighboring communities, it is now a pristine sanctuary.
Eudiscopus denticulus/Disk-footed bat
- IUCN status: Least Concern
- It is widely found in Myanmar and Laos.
- It has a flattened skull and sticky pads which enables these bats to rest during night inside cramped spaces, clinging to smooth surfaces such as bamboo internodes.
- It has very high frequency echolocation calls which suits them for orientation in a cluttered environment such as inside bamboo groves.
Why in the news?
- The disc-footed bat (Eudiscopus denticulus) has been recorded in Nongkhyllem Wildlife Sanctuary in Meghalaya which is not its natural habitat.
- With its record, it has raised Meghalaya’s bat count to 66, the most for any State in India.
- It has also helped add a genus and species to the bat fauna of India, the ZSI scientists said, counting it to 130 bats species in India.